What is genetic modification? Genetic engineering, more commonly known as genetic modification or genetic engineering, is the intentional manipulation of an organism’s genes with biotechnology. Some examples of genetic engineering are using bacteria to produce insulin, or inserting a synthetic chromosome into a human patient in order to help repair genetic diseases.
Some individuals are concerned with what is genetic modification, because they believe it could be harmful. However, many studies have been conducted that show the contrary. For example, in the dog, when a male and female give birth to puppies, one of the puppies will likely end up with a defect that causes a disease. However, if the breeder used a transgenic dog, the puppy would not have this defect and would grow up normally.
Another example is with genetically modified crops. Biotechnology has enabled the introduction of crops that are insect resistant, as well as insect-resistant plants. Farmers want these traits in their crops so that they can be sold more. Currently there are about forty genetically modified plants on the market. These plants, that have been approved by the USDA, have helped increase the production of America’s food supply.
The process of genetic modification is achieved through the method of genetic sequence editing. This involves editing out parts of the genome, or DNA. The parts that are edited out will vary between organisms, which is why organisms must be carefully studied to determine what sequence editing will do. When the edited DNA is inserted back into the host organism, it changes the target genes. The new genes will then function in a way similar to the genes from the genetically altered source species.
Some people are against genetic modification, because they believe that it is something intrinsically wrong with human beings. According to these individuals, because the genetic code has already been tampered with, it is not possible for anything to be changed, no matter how the genetic coding is altered. However, this argument is not based on sound reasoning. To begin with, it is unlikely that humans will have a choice regarding anything regarding their health in the future, so it would be unreasonable for them not to make choices regarding their health now.
One of the arguments that this author believes is important to look into is the way in which the alteration of the genome will affect the environment. If genetic modification is introduced into a society where that society already uses pesticides and other chemicals, for instance, the unintended consequences could be catastrophic. Non-targeted generations will be born, and their lives are subject to unnatural conditions. They will be unable to survive without new one, since their immune systems will not be able to cope with the new strain. This is especially true if those plants carrying the modified genes were grown in areas experiencing very high levels of malaria or other diseases.
There are also arguments that some traits are highly desirable, and that there is little chance that people could develop them in a manner that would interfere with the ability to produce crops, animals, and other organisms. However, the desired traits do not always coincide with the functional traits that are necessary for adaptation. For example, many researchers believe that humans will be increasingly attracted to body features that are visually attractive, and that they will become less interested in body features that are less attractive. The desire for height may therefore increase along with the need for height, causing genetic determinism to become a reality. However, the human body will be left with less overall height if breeders select only very tall people.
Another set of genetic arguments points out that genetic determinism will not necessarily cause negative external outcomes. It is possible for the environment to alter the genetic coding without having any outside influence. Therefore, it is possible for cultural practices and social norms to have an effect on whether or not a person ends up with a genetically determined trait. These arguments argue against deterministic methods and promote the idea of genetic variation and change as a result of culture, practice, and socialization.